Despite all of its faults, democracy is the most common type of government practiced in the region, although it with a high degree of heterogeneity.
Today we have more consolidated democracies, more and better social protection policies and stronger and more integrated economies.
These factors explain why 56 percent of citizens support democracy but only 39 percent are satisfied with its performance (Latinobarómetro, 2013, a regional average).
“The dissatisfaction with progress” summarizes well the particular feeling that prevails in Latin America.
However, the same studies reveal an increase in informal youth movements promoting democratic changes in many countries, interconnected and mobilized in non-traditional ways, especially via social networks.
This September 15th the International Day of Democracy was celebrated (Resolution A/62/7 of the United nations General Assembly, 2007). is the challenges and opportunities related to a greater participation of youth in the democratic processes.
Dahl calls countries that meet these criteria “polyarchies,” but they are more commonly referred to as “liberal democracies.” Two other subtypes of democracy have gained wide recognition in the scholarly literature on new democracies.
On the one hand, there are all those borderline cases that possess some but not all of liberal [End Page 92] democracy’s essential features, and therefore fall somewhere in between democracy and authoritarianism.
During the last decade, 60 million people escaped poverty, expanding the middle class by more than 50 percent.
The great challenge is now how to keep progressing and how to make this progress sustainable in a volatile global environment, full of challenges and uncertainties.