The French anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss observed that the coupling of human beings expresses a fundamental human need.Social connection is vital not only to the survival of the species, but to human well-being, because it bolsters our psychological development and gives us a sense of belonging."Beauty is no quality in things themselves; it exists merely in the mind which contemplates them; and each mind perceives a different beauty," wrote Hume in 1757. Swami and Furnham observe, that "beauty had firmly been placed in the proverbial eye of the beholder."That made beauty preferences — Why are you attracted to this person?
It's as if over just 2 decades, a majority of adults in the United States became a foot or more taller.The trend is especially stark, the research shows us, for women.IN the collection of essays The Body Beautiful: Evolutionary and Sociocultural Perspectives, the psychologists Viren Swami, Ph D, and Adrian Furnham, DPhil, DSc, introduce us to the "Science of Bodily Beauty." They explore the question "What is beauty?A time-lapse series of maps from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows how abruptly our bodies have transformed: A map of obesity rates in 1985 shows only eight states, shaded dark blue, where 10 to 14 percent of adults are obese; as the maps roll over from year to year, more states turn blue, including Illinois, where Rob Gaughan was already a hefty high schooler.Then in 1997, the CDC adds a new color--beige--to show an emerging phenomenon: Obesity rates in Mississippi, Kentucky, and Indiana had hit 20 percent.The process answers, for a time at least, one of the most awesome and terrifying questions: Whom should I love?Intimate relationships are an integral part of human existence, and their effect is total: Whether we feel loved and cared for, whether we feel fulfilled and hopeful, they become our story, providing order and meaning.Around that time, she and a group of researchers advertised a "Computer Dance" to incoming freshmen at the University of Minnesota that would give science a foothold in divining physical attraction.The Computer Dance, the results of which were published in 1966, would become, declared Drs.Freshmen "Gophers" who purchased tickets were told that an IBM computer--a futuristic novelty at the time--would match them on a blind date based on their personality and interests.What the students didn't know was that as they moved through the ticket line, Walster's collaborators were rating the students' physical attractiveness, and they would be sorted into categories that might seem insensitive by today's standards: Ugly, Average, and Attractive. Two days later, hundreds of freshmen were paired up, not based on their similarities, as they had been told, but randomly, with one exception: Men weren't matched with taller women.