Between these villages there was frequent trade, intermarriage, warfare and alliances against common enemies.Using contemporary ethnographic and linguistic criteria, these villages have been classed by anthropologists into more than 20 broad (and widely debated) ethnic groupings, To gain this recognition, communities must gather a number of signatures and a body of supporting evidence with which to successfully petition the CIP.are the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, who number more than 530,000 and constitute nearly 2.3% of the country's population.Recent research suggests their ancestors may have been living on Taiwan for approximately 5,500 years in relative isolation before a major Han immigration began in the 17th century.Commonly cited examples of this ambiguity include (Seediq/Sediq/Truku/Taroko) and (Tao/Yami).Nine people groups were originally recognized before 1945 by the Japanese government, The People's Republic of China (PRC) government claims Taiwan as part of its territory and officially refers to all Taiwanese aborigines as Gaoshan (lit.The Musha incident of 1930 led to many changes in aboriginal policy, and the Japanese government began referring to them as Takasago-zoku The KMT later adopted the use of all the earlier Japanese groupings except Peipo.
For centuries, Taiwan's aboriginal inhabitants experienced economic competition and military conflict with a series of colonising newcomers.
The act of petitioning for recognized status, however, does not always reflect any consensus view among scholars that the relevant group should in fact be categorized as a separate ethnic group.
There is discussion among both scholars and political groups regarding the best or most appropriate name to use for many of the people groups and their languages, as well as the proper romanization of that name.
"high mountain"), which are one of the 56 ethnicities officially recognized by the PRC.
According to the 2000 Census, 4,461 people were identified as Gaoshan living in mainland China, some surveys indicate that of the 4,461 Gaoshan recorded in the 2000 PRC Census, it is estimated that there are 1,500 Amis, 1,300 Bunun, 510 Paiwan, and the remainder belonging to other peoples.