Trotters raced at a track in Fort Worth, where a similar Drivers Club was based.The rapid expansion of population increased competition for jobs and housing.In 1839, Warren Angus Ferris surveyed the area around present-day Dallas.John Neely Bryan established a permanent settlement near the Trinity River named Dallas in 1841. The general consensus is that the city was named after either Dallas, Scotland or after Sen. The Republic of Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845 and Dallas County was established the following year.
East Dallas is home to Deep Ellum, a trendy arts area close to Downtown, the homey Lakewood neighborhood (and adjacent areas, including Lakewood Heights, Wilshire Heights, Lower Greenville, Junius Heights, and Hollywood Heights/Santa Monica), historic Vickery Place and Bryan Place, and the architecturally significant neighborhoods of Swiss Avenue and Munger Place.In 1921, the Mexican president Álvaro Obregón along with the former revolutionary general visited downtown Dallas's Mexican Park in Little Mexico, the small park was located on the corner of Akard and Caruth Street, site of the current Fairmount Hotel. Kennedy was assassinated on Elm Street while his motorcade passed through Dealey Plaza in downtown Dallas. Johnson told police during a standoff that he was upset about recent police shootings of black men and wanted to kill whites, especially white officers.The upper two floors of the building from which alleged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald shot Kennedy, the Texas School Book Depository, have been converted into a historical museum covering the former president's life and accomplishments. After hours of negotiation failed, police resorted to a robot-delivered bomb, killing Johnson inside El Centro College.Later, France also claimed the area but never established much settlement.In 1819, the Adams-Onís Treaty between the United States and Spain defined the Red River as the northern boundary of New Spain, officially placing the future location of Dallas well within Spanish territory.On July 7, 2016, multiple shots were fired at a peaceful protest in downtown Dallas, held against the police killings of two black men from other states. The shooting occurred in an area of hotels, restaurants, businesses, and residential apartments only a few blocks away from Dealey Plaza. Portions of the city extend into neighboring Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall counties.The gunman, later identified as Micah Xavier Johnson, began firing at police officers at p.m., killing five officers and injuring nine. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 385.8 square miles (999.3 km Dallas's skyline contains several buildings over 700 feet (210 m) in height. Good examples of postmodernist skyscrapers are Fountain Place, Bank of America Plaza, Renaissance Tower, JPMorgan Chase Tower, and Comerica Bank Tower. The bulk of the city is in Dallas County, of which it is the county seat; however, sections of the city are located in Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall counties. The city's prominence arose from its historical importance as a center for the oil and cotton industries, and its position along numerous railroad lines.Central Dallas is anchored by Downtown, the center of the city, along with Oak Lawn and Uptown, areas characterized by dense retail, restaurants, and nightlife.Downtown Dallas has a variety of named districts, including the West End Historic District, the Arts District, the Main Street District, Farmers Market District, the City Center business district, the Convention Center District, and the Reunion District.