Another aspect of Norte Chico, is that it forces those who date the Olmec at 1,200 B. Note: The fact that Egyptians had ocean-going ships at this time, and the documented existence of an Egyptian ship-wreak in Australia, also at this time, is purposely discounted.Crossing the Pacific, is quite different from reaching Australia.There was no art: save for a few gourds painted with a god figure and the flutes.The urge to produce art is another of the things one would expect of a developing culture BEFORE they progressed to the point of making monumental structures. Caral city was comprised of six pyramids (or platform mounds), two plazas, an amphitheatre, and ordinary houses.It is speculated that the city sustained itself by cotton farming; this was accomplished by building canals to irrigate cotton fields with river water.So it is that all of the in-between accomplishments normally associated with the pristine development of a civilization, are missing with the Norte Chico civilization.
The Olmec themselves would have been far more advanced at this time.
- pottery], is wonderfully illustrated by what many now consider the region’s very first civilization, the Norte Chico civilization in the Norte Chico region of coastal central Peru, some even argue that Norte Chico is the oldest civilization in the Americas. only provides some indication of human settlement in the early Archaic era. C, human settlement and communal construction are readily apparent. The population is estimated to have been about 3,000.
The Norte Chico civilization consisted of about thirty major population centers. The most notable of the Norte Chico cities is Caral in the Supe Valley: Caral excavations were begun in 1994 by Ruth Shady Solís, a Peruvian anthropologist and archeologist. The living arrangement seems to have been large, well kept rooms atop the pyramids for the elite, ground-level complexes for craftsmen, and shabbier outlying shantytowns for workers.
There appears to have been no war: Conflict and war are the normal impetuses for congregating in cities so as to have a common defense.
There was no pottery: only gourds (vessels made of the dried shells of Melons, Pumpkins etc.) Mastering pottery making is a normal stage in a culture’s development.